Dreaming a space
Dreaming a space is an cross over between installation and performance.
Wooden sculpure with mixed objects of cotton, led light, stone and clocks. 60 minute soundloop.
Installation: Yong Sun Gullach
Audiovisuals: Claus Poulsen
Technique: Joachim Michaelis and Claus Poulsen
Dream texts: Kenneth Søgaard Krabat and Yong Sun Gullach
Readings: Nikolaj Falko and Yong Sun Gullach
Photos: Kenn Clarke and Susanne Soldan
Copenhagen, June 2014
- Everybody dreams.
- The word “dream” originates with Middle English, “dreme”, meaning joy and music.
- As far as we know mankind has always been dreaming Back in the Roman Era, profound and significant dreams were submitted to the Senate for analysis and interpretation.
- Dream has come to also mean “to fantasize”, “to day-dream”, “wishful thinking” – indicating today any “other state”, during which an un-controlled state of mind or reality takes place
- On average, you can dream anywhere from one to two hours every night. Moreover, you can have four to seven dreams in one night.
- One-third of your life is spent sleeping. In an average life time almost six years would be spent dreaming. That is more than 2,100 days.
- Dreamers, who are awakened during or at the highest point on their REM curve, are able to recall their dreams more vividly than those who slept through the night.
- Dreams are indispensable. Lack of natural occuring REM dream activity may imply protein deficiency or personality disorder.
- Blind people do dream. Dreams are based on sensory input – sound, tactility, taste and smell. Visual images in dreams depend on knowledge of the visual world – which only people afflicted with blindness after birth possess.
- Men tend to dream more about other men, while women dream equally about men and women.
- Researchers found that during REM sleep dreaming, males experience erections and females experience increased vaginal blood flow, regardless of the content of the dream. Thus, “wet dreams” may not necessarily coincide with sexual dream content.
- People who are in the process of giving up smoking tend to have longer and more intense dreams.
- Toddlers do not dream about themselves. They do not appear in their own dreams until the age of 3/4
- The word “nightmare” stems from the german word “mar”, and can be traced back in written form to the 13 century in both England and Norway but was probably used orally long before.
- Nightmares are common in children, typically beginning at around age 3 and occurring up to age 7-8.
- Night terrors is a parasomnia disorder that predominantly affects children during non-REM sleep causing feelings of terror or dread not be confused with nightmares, that take place during REM sleep.
- The most common emotion experienced in dreams is anxiety. Other emotions included abandonment, anger, fear, joy, and happiness. Negative emotions tend to occur twice as often as pleasant feelings.
- In 1953 Dement and Kleitman discovered that the fact that REM sleep was associated with dreaming.
- Lucid dreaming was named by psychiatrist Frederik van Eden in 1913 but recorded much earlier e.g. Philosopher Thomas Browne (1605-1682) and describes a dream state where you are conscious about your dreaming and can partly control it.
- It is still today debated whether lucid dreams occurs in sleep or awake state. Some separates between to types of lucid dreams a) A dream-initiated lucid dream (D.I.L.D.) starts as a normal dream, and the dreamer eventually concludes it is a dream. B) A wake-initiated lucid dream (W.I.L.D.) occurs when the dreamer goes from a normal waking state directly into a dream state, with no apparent lapse in consciousness. The wake-initiated lucid dream occurs when the sleeper enters REM sleep with unbroken self-awareness directly from the waking state
- In 1975, parapsychologist Keith Hearne successfully recorded the first signals from a lucid dream.
- During the REM sleep a variety of external stimuli may bombard the senses, but the brain often interprets the stimulus to make it part of a dream so as to ensure continued sleep.
- People who were only exposed to black and white television and film in childhood are dreaming in black and white about 25% of the time.
- Five minutes after the end of the dream, half of the content is forgotten. After ten minutes, 90% is lost.
- Most people believe that “their dreams reveal meaningful hidden truths”.
Stage 1: You are entering into light sleep characterized by Non-rapid eye movements (NREM), muscle relaxation, lowered body temperature and slowed heart rate. Stage 2: Also characterized by NREM and by a further drop in body temperature and relaxation of the muscles. The body’s immune system goes to work repairing the day’s damage. During this and stages of slower brain activity, you are completely asleep.
Stage 3: Still in the NREM stage, this is an even deeper sleep. Your metabolic levels are extremely slow.
Stage 4: Your eyes move back and forth erratically underneath your eyelids. REM sleep or delta sleep, this stage occurs at about 90-100 minutes after the onset of sleep. Your blood pressure rises, heart rate speeds up, respiration becomes erratic and brain activity increases. Your involuntary muscles also become paralyzed or immobilized. Your mind is being revitalized and emotions is being fine tuned. The majority of your dreaming occurs in this stage. If you are awakened during this stage of sleep, you are more likely to remember your dreams.
To dream the most during short periods of sleep – power naps between 5, 15 or 30 minutes are recommended.
Performer: Yong Sun Gullach
Sound composition: Claus Poulsen
Text: Kenneth Søgaard Krabat and Yong Sun Gullach
Time: 30 min.